Encaustic paint is beeswax based paint, that is composed of beeswax, resin and pigment (color). It is heated, and applied with a brush to a rigid and porous surface.
Process: Thin coats of wax are applied and fused, building up multiple layers, creating a rich and luminous surface. Mark-making, texturing, embedding, etc, can be applied as the layers build. Once cool, careful scraping reveals details and color from below, giving beautiful depth, interest and luminosity.
Safety: The wax is paintable at 180-200 degrees. The workspace must be vented at all times.
Durability: Beeswax is impervious to moisture, therefore, encaustic paintings are durable and archival. They will not deteriorate, fade or yellow.
Protection and Care: Encaustic paintings should not be exposed to direct sunlight or extreme temperatures; 40-100 degrees is safe. They are vulnerable to scratching and chipping if not handled carefully. Light buffing with a soft, lint free cloth, will refresh the luster.